India's GDP rises to $3.75 trillion mark in 2023, says Finance Ministry

By Consultants Review Team Tuesday, 13 June 2023

Indias GDP rises to $3.75 trillion mark in 2023, says Finance MinistryIndia’s gross domestic product (GDP) attained the $3.75 trillion mark in 2023, from around $2 trillion in 2014, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman’s office stated in a tweet. India jumped from tenth to the fifth-largest economy in the world, the tweet added. Highlighting the nine years of changes under the Narendra Modi-led government, Sitharaman’s office also said: “India is now viewed as a bright spot in the global economy.”

Four countries ahead of India in terms of GDP at current prices include China, the United States, Germany, and Japan. India has surpassed the United Kingdom, France, Canada, Russia, and Australia in GDP numbers. The provisional estimates released by the National Statistical Office (NSO) recently showed the overall economic growth in FY23 at 7.2 percent, powered by higher-than-expected growth in the fourth quarter.

Speaking at an Assocham event in Kochi, Chief Economic Advisor V Anantha Nageswaran said the final number could be higher than 7.2 percent because the underlying momentum in the economy was quite strong.  While stressing that India being a low-middle-income country cannot sit on its laurels, the CEA said: “We need to catch up with the pre-pandemic trend. Even before the pandemic, the economy was slowing down in 2018-19 and 2019-20. It is important to arrest that kind of slowdown,” he said.

Nageswaran said if the country could sustain 6.5 to 6.8 percent growth for the rest of the decade, it would be a creditable achievement on part of the Indian economy given the global conditions while cautioning that the export growth could be a problem given the external situation. He said India’s overall macroeconomic management had been prudent and sensible without over-stretching during the pandemic, as several advanced countries did.

Talking about India’s trajectory from the 10th to the fifth-largest economy, the CEA also highlighted that India now contributed to one-sixteenth of the global GDP compared to one in 100 percent about 20 years ago.  He also said the farm sector was well poised to take advantage of the kharif crop as shown in the higher tractor sales number, record wheat procurement, seed availability, and adequate food stock.

Private consumption, Nageswaran said, was at a 16-year high at 58.5 percent of GDP. He said capital formation investment by industry was expected to pick up and gather steam. “The last decade for the industry was somewhat of a lost decade because of balance sheet problems. That has been overcome,” he said.   Nageswaran said the nominal wage growth of the agricultural and non-agricultural rural employees was in the high single digits. He said as inflation moderates to between 4 and 5 percent, real wages would be positive in the course of FY24 as compared to FY23, which would also boost rural consumption.

The CEA also talked about structural changes in the global economy after 35 years of emphasis on globalization in terms of geopolitical tensions and supply chains being reconfigured. “Most of these things happen in a cyclical manner. So we have to be prepared for that. That is why we are not saying that we will be able to grow at 8-9 percent.”  The CEA said while continuing to focus on improving the domestic economic fundamentals and the ease of living and doing business, India can reduce its dependence on global growth.  “...and whatever comes through export goods will be an icing on the cake,” Nageswaran said.

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